Broken mouth: Typically refers to older cows who are missing teeth. Bellowing: sound produced by cattle and buffaloes. Veal. Large frames are desirable in pigs. Agriculture: The utilization of biological processes on farms to produce food and other products useful and necessary to man. Dairy cattle did not arrive in the U.S. until 1624. Testicles are retained in body cavity of animal. 1 May - 7 May. Creep feeder: Area that allows calves access supplemental grain and/or hay, but excludes cows. Parturition: Birth of a calf. growth rate, milk production (high, medium, or low), and age at puberty: Term. Compensatory Gain: Faster than normal weight gain following a period of feed restriction. We will go into further definitions of cattle terminology further below. Find used cattle equipment for sale near you. Camelid: Any two-toed ruminant of the family Camelidae, including the camels, llamas and vicunas. Calves: The young of domestic cattle. A general term used to describe the leather used in travel bags and suitcases. Micro-ingredient: Any ration component normally measured in milligrams or micrograms per kilogram or in parts per million. A slaughterhouse. Domesticated cows are descended from wild aurochs, a species of wild cattle with long horns that are now extinct. The verb should not be used in the passive voice so as to imply that a person is the subject or actor; i.e., cattle graze; people do not graze cattle. All offspring are sold. – B – Biotechnology: A technology based on biology that is used for agricultural, food science or medicinal purposes. That year, they were brought to the Plymouth Colony (which is Massachusetts today). Further, based on these advances, cattle are often used as a model to study ovarian function and embryogenesis. Often used in the context of congenital (birth) defects. Host parasite relationship. For example, cattle and humans are both typically monoovulators, and their embryos are similar in size and energy metabolism confined young dairy calf that is fed only milk or milk replacer to produce pale, soft, and tender meat. Herd: group of cattle / buffaloes. 3.2.2 Harvest (n.). Weaning: Process of separating a calf from its mother. There is plenty of data that you can look at when making breeding decisions. Acidophilus milk - Milk to which Lactobacillus acidophilus bacteria have been added to aid in the digestion of lactose (milk sugar). Frame Size: Method of describing skeletal size (height) in livestock. Typically gaunt cattle … Bloat: Condition where the stomach becomes overly full of gas which is produced during the fermentation process. Browse the most popular brands and models at the best prices on Machinery Pete. Cattle feed on grasses, legumes, roughage, etc. Preconditioning: Management, health and nutritional program to prepare young cattle to better handle the stress of a different environment. AI. Important Terminology of Livestock. Terminal Cross: Breeding a female with a bull whose major characteristics focus on weight production. Generates approximately $70 million per year. Urinary Calculi: Mineral deposits in the urinary tract. Subject:- Livestock. 6910 SW 45th Avenue, Suite 4 3 April - 9 April. Term. Disposition: Refers temperament and attitude of an animal when handled. 16. Used to identify cattle on market reports that exhibit excessive fill (water/hay weight). Cattegat, Cattell, Catterick, cattery, cattish, cattle, cattle-cake, cattle call, cattle car, cattle class, cattle dog Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, … Performance: Measure of various economic parameters such as growth, feed efficiency, and milk production. Calf: baby cow. Sides can move to “squeeze” animal to better keep them restrained. The average mature Ayrshire cow weighs between 1,000 and 1,300 pounds and has red markings that can vary in color from orange to brown. Bovine: Refers to cattle. Also, this list is not meant to be all-inclusive but presents many of the terms commonly used in the cattle feeding industry. Bovine: Of the biological subfamily Bovinae. Farm Glossary. BRD (Bovine Respiratory Disease): Several respiratory diseases in cattle that decrease performance and increase death losses. Stocker Cattle: Weaned calves that are grown on high forage rations, typically on pasture, until the animals are ready to place in a feedlot. Prime: Quality grade that identifies a particular amount of fat flecks in the ribeye of a carcass between the 12th and 13th rib. Crop Residue: Plant parts remaining in a field after a crop has been harvested that can be grazed or harvested for a different use. Is sometimes used to include the protozoa as well as the bacteria. Until the early 1900s, dairy cattle were primarily used to supply milk directly to the farmer. This term Indicates the younger female of cattle above age of six months to first calving. Sheep and Goats. Term: Definition: Chick: A newly hatched or a very young chicken: Broilers: A chicken that is six to 13 weeks of age used for meat production: Pullet: Read more about the various breeds of dairy cattle.) OR. Androgen. Used to promote the marketing of beef. 1 Agriculture Terms & Definitions Adapted from the USDA Acid Soil: A soil with an acid reaction, a pH less than 7.0. gerund the form of a verb ending in -ing, used like a noun (for example, as the subject or object of a sentence). 17 April - 23 April. Brucellosis: Highly contagious disease that causes profuse sweating and join and muscle pain. Each time cattle are marketed, $1 per head is paid by the seller to the Beef Industry Council (BIC). All types of botulinum toxin produce the same disease; however, the toxin type is important if anti-toxin is used for treatment. DROVER: Term commonly used in the 1870s and 80s for a working cowboy engaged in trailing longhorns to market or a new range. Legume: Type of plant that produces pods. Coccidiosis: Disease caused by a single-celled parasite. Typically full cattle sell at a discount. Ranch-to-Rail. Acidosis: Below normal pH in the rumen caused by rapid fermentation of grain and other concentrate feeds. Ad lib feeding - No limit placed on amount of feed intake. Backgrounders are cattle operations that take weaned calves and feed them summer grass to add weight before being sent to a feedyard for finishing. Pigs feed on the excrement and loosen up the soil that the cattle had been using. orange to brown. Often refers to the number of animals on an acre of pasture. IBR (Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis): Acute, contagious viral disease that is often known as red nose. 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