Right to housing – We all have a right to an adequate standard of living for ourselves and our families, including adequate housing. Around 2007, China surpassed the US as the world’s largest emitter of greenhouse gases in terms of total output. Take free online biology courses in genetics, biotechnology, biochemistry, neurobiology and other disciplines. They were summarizing global figures compiled and published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the US. Climate change is the biggest threat we face. See IRIN’s videos on climate change impacts in Africa and Asia for more short clips. Related Topics - Animal Behavior | Bioelectricity | Bioinformatics | Biology | Biotechnology | Cellular Biology | DNA | … The John A. Dutton e-Education Institute is the learning design unit of the College of Earth and Mineral Sciences at The Pennsylvania State University. In the U.S. many lives were lost as well, some of the most expensive damage resulted from the successive hurricanes. Bookmark or share this with others using some popular social bookmarking web sites: Copy/paste the following HTML code to your page: Anup Shah, Climate Change and Global Warming Introduction, Global Issues, Updated: February 01, 2015. These facts bear on questions of distributive justice, even apart from the … However, (and perhaps belatedly) there is growing public acceptance of human-induced climate change as reports such as the US Global Change Research Program and the UK Met Office assert things like current climate change happening now and human-induced and that they will cause many problems. Mar 7, 2016 - This Intro to Forensic Science Review Worksheet contains a Crossword Puzzle with 43 questions and 3 Short Answer essay questions. Rapid changes to it can have knock-on effects to the rest of the planet. As transition economies started to recover around 2000, emissions have started to rise. There is abundant evidence of an unprecedented number of severe weather events in the past decade, [professor of biological oceanography at Harvard University, James] McCarthy says. This cycle of deprivation, poverty and inequality undermines the social capital needed to deal effectively with climate change. One example of recent findings is a tiny sand grain-sized plankton responsible for the sequestration of 25–50% of the carbon the oceans absorb is affected by increasing ocean acidification. b. At the end, you … For decades, greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide have been increasing in the atmosphere. … The understanding of anthropogenic warming and cooling influences on climate has improved since the Third Assessment Report (TAR), leading to very high confidence that the globally averaged net effect of human activities since 1750 has been one of warming. From Meteorology to Mitigation: Understanding Global Warming. Aug 26, 2019 - Offered by Johns Hopkins University. Dr. Hansen, according to the New York Times reporting this, noted that these were fresh efforts to silence him because he had said that significant emission cuts could be achieved with existing technologies, particularly in the case of motor vehicles, and that without leadership by the United States, climate change would eventually leave the earth a different planet. So up until now, perhaps it has been easier for skeptics to deny climate change is occurring or that humans are responsible. Scientists can observe an increase in pollution (e.g., depletion of oxygen in water, eutrophication), natural resource scarcity, and a significant and accelerated loss of biodiversity. And consensus is required for every word in the Summary for Policy Makers section included in each report. If we zoom in on just the past 250 years, we see the following: NASA’s Goddard Institute of Space Studies (GISS) tracks atmospheric global temperature climate trends. For more detailed information, the following sites can be useful: As revealed towards the end of January 2006, NASA’s top climate scientist said NASA and the Bush Administration tried to silence him. In addition, concentrations of carbonate ions are now lower than at any time during the last 800,000 years. FindAPhD. This change was first announced in October 2015, and went live in January 2016. Furthermore, as emissions of greenhouse gases continue to trap more and more of the sun’s energy, that energy has to be dissipated, resulting in stronger storms, more intense precipitation and higher winds. Both human-made and natural factors contribute to climate change: • Human causes. Between 1991 and 2010 they found these were the most affected nations: Much of Asia, as well as wealthier areas such as the US, Russia and Australia have also experienced specific incidents of very damaging extreme weather that the climate risk index captures: Into 2013, November saw possibly the largest ever typhoon, Hiayan, make landfall and cause incredible devastation to parts of the Philippines with at least 10,000 feared dead and more than 9 million affected. Amid the uncertainty, I’m honored to be able to support Coursera’s partner community as it has come together to serve the world through learning as part of our Coronavirus Response Initiatives . http://www.ipsnews.net/news.asp?idnews=54278, https://www.globalissues.org/news/2011/01/28/8329, http://www.skepticalscience.com/The-Earth-continues-to-build-up-heat.html, http://theseamonster.net/2011/04/its-not-climate-change-its-ocean-change/, http://www.skepticalscience.com/cooling-oceans-intermediate.htm, https://www.globalissues.org/news/2009/10/26/3267, http://www.nature.com/climate/2009/0911/full/climate.2009.106.html, http://www.earthaction.org/en/archive/99-01-cich/nowhere.html, http://news.com.com/Global+warming+to+bring+heavier+rains%2C+snow/2100-11395_3-5895784.html?part=rss&tag=5895784&subj=news, http://www.wmo.ch/web/Press/Press.html#pr, http://news.independent.co.uk/world/environment/story.jsp?story=421166, http://www.truthout.org/docs_03/070403J.shtml, http://www.sciencemag.org/content/335/6072/1058, http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1208277, http://arstechnica.com/science/news/2012/03/ocean-acidification-could-become-worst-in-at-least-300-million-years.ars, http://www.skepticalscience.com/news.php?n=1334, http://www.sciencentral.com/video/2009/01/08/food-and-global-warming/, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BvVonWp1aGc, http://www.ipsnews.net/news.asp?idnews=48513, https://www.globalissues.org/news/2009/09/20/2863, http://www.unfpa.org/webdav/site/global/shared/swp/englishswop09.pdf, http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/2008/sbi/eng/12.pdf, http://www.copenhagenclimatecouncil.com/get-informed/news/unfccc-ghg-emissions-in-industrialized-countries-on-the-rise-since-2000.html, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2008.06.009, http://news.cnet.com/8301-11128_3-10001150-54.html, http://www.ipsnews.net/2013/06/carbon-dioxide-emissions-hit-record-high-in-2012, https://www.globalissues.org/news/2013/06/11/16777, http://www.guardian.co.uk/comment/story/0,3604,279969,00.html, http://www.monbiot.com/archives/1999/07/29/meltdown/, http://www.nytimes.com/2006/01/29/science/earth/29climate.html?pagewanted=all, http://www.guardian.co.uk/climatechange/story/0,,1697616,00.html, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/422856.stm, http://www.nature.com/server-java/Propub/nature/400743A0.abs_frameset, http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2009/apr/09/shipping-pollution, http://www.greencarreports.com/blog/1020063_pollution-perspective-one-giant-cargo-ship-emits-as-much-as-50-million-ca. On December 13 2011, Canada pulled out of the Kyoto climate treaty — which it is legally allowed to do — to condemnation domestically and internationally. Climate change is a term that refers to major changes in temperature, rainfall, snow, or wind patterns lasting for decades or longer. A scientist explained a fear that if the bogs dry out as they warm, the methane will oxidise and escape into the air as carbon dioxide. This causes a more extensive destruction of ozone in the polar regions because of accentuated stratospheric cooling. (As an aside, those crying foul of global warming claims when going through extremely cold weather in Europe for example in 2010, later found their summers to be full of heat waves. Imagine that, as a result, next to nothing was done about the problem, to the delight of the tobacco industry and the detriment of millions of smokers. Major crop losses and lack of drinking water created severe problems for local residents. Some have described the Arctic as the canary in the coal mine, referring to how canary birds used to be taken deep down coal mines. So despite increased global warming concerns and calls for action, little seems to have been achieved due to the political challenges, and skepticism that abounds. Interviewing a biological oceanography professor at Harvard University, IPS notes that the world’s oceans are approaching 27 degrees C or warmer during the summer. Throughout the 1990s, especially in the United States, but in other countries as well, those who would try and raise the importance of this issue, and suggest that we are perhaps over-consuming, or unsustainably using our resources etc, were faced with a lot of criticism and ridicule. Added additional notes and multimedia on ocean acidification as well as further indicators of a warming world with human causes. For example, if energy costs go up, businesses will look for a way to minimize such costs for themselves, and it is in such a time that alternatives come about and/or existing resources last longer because they are used more efficiently. While no single event can easily be attributed to climate change, as the Institute for Public Accuracy notes, this devastating typhoon demonstrates how the Global South pays the price for emissions historically from the North. NewScientist.com and others have also reported (August 2005) that the world’s largest frozen peat bog is melting, and could unleash billions of tonnes of methane, a potent greenhouse gas, into the atmosphere. ), if considered as a whole (for it is more comparable to the U.S.): The Kyoto Protocol was the climate change treaty negotiated in 1997, setting targets for emissions of greenhouse gases. Polar regions because of this increase the defining issue of our time and we are at a place. 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